UZBEKISTAN BACKGROUND CHECK

We are providing comprehensive background verification services which are providing you a safeguard with risk management consultancy throughout the Uzbekistan with strong network of professional, on-ground background screeners. We are rendering our compliance pertaining to our services of checking the veracity of the information registered under various rules and regulations and these entities can record the authentic results of the background check.

Our ultimate goal is to find the facts behind the present proposal of association to take wise decision. We are providing you the background investigation services in all over Uzbekistan which is also including Tashkent, Namangan, Samarkand, Andijon, Nukus, Termiz, Navoi, Angren, Bekobod, Denau, Kogon, Koson, Asaka, Guliston, Beruni etc. Kindly contact us on our email: info@backcheckgroup.com to generate your query and we will revert you in stipulated time accordingly. Due to the sensitive nature of the Services all queries will dealt under strict confidentiality and under the influence of extreme ethical consideration.

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PRODUCTS IN UZBEKISTAN

Data Protection

Data Protection Laws Not Found

No. 2012-XII, 22 September 1994

The Code is comprised of 24 chapters, 302 articles.

Article 167. Larceny by Embezzlement

Larceny by way of embezzlement of property entrusted to or transferred to disposition of a guilty person –

Shall be punished with fine up to one hundred minimum monthly wages, or correctional labor up to one year, or arrest up to six months.

The same action committed:

а) In large amount;

b) Repeatedly or by a special dangerous recidivist;

c) By previous concert by a group of individuals;

d) By way of abuse of office –

Shall be punished with fine for from one hundred to three hundred minimum monthly wages or correctional labor for up to two years or confinement for up five years.

The same action committed:

а) In large amount;

b) By a special dangerous recidivist;

c) By an organized group or in its interests;

d) With the aid of computer devices –

Shall be punished with fine from three hundred to six hundred of minimum monthly wages or correctional labor for up to three years or confinement for up to ten years.

In the instance of compensation for the pecuniary damage, penalty of imprisonment shall not be applied.

Article 211. Bribe-giving

Bribe-giving, that is, knowingly illegal provision of tangible valuables to an official, personally or through an intermediate person, or of pecuniary benefit for performance or nonperformance of certain action, which the official must or could have officially performed, in the interests of the person giving a bribe –

Shall be punished with fine up to fifty minimum monthly wages, or correctional labor up to three years, or arrest up to six months, or imprisonment up to three years.

Bribe-giving:

а) Repeatedly, by a dangerous recidivist or a person who has previously committed crimes punishable under Articles 210 or 212 of this Code;

b) In large amount –

Shall be punished with imprisonment from three to five years.

Bribe-giving:

а) In especially large amount;

b) In the interests of an organized group;

c) By an authorized official –

Shall be punished with imprisonment from five to ten years.

The person who has given a bribe shall be discharged from criminal liability in the instance if there was extortion with regard to the person, or he communicated voluntarily about the event of the crime, after having committed criminal actions, repented honestly, and facilitated actively detection of the crime.

Article 212. Intermediation in Bribery

Intermediation in bribery, that is, activity carried out to arrive at an agreement about acceptance of or giving a bribe as well as immediate delivery of a bribe upon instructions of the persons concerned –

Shall be punished with fine up to fifty minimum monthly wages, or correctional labor up to three years, or arrest up to six months, or imprisonment up to three years.

The same action committed:

а) Repeatedly, by a dangerous recidivist or a person who has previously committed crimes punishable under Articles 210 or 211 of this Code;

b) In the instance of acceptance of or giving a bribe in large amount;

c) In the instance of acceptance of a bribe by a group of officials acting by previous concert,

Which is known to the agent –?

Shall be punished with imprisonment from three to five years.

Intermediation in bribery committed:

а) For remuneration;

b) In the instance of acceptance or giving of a bribe in especially large amount;

c) In the interests of an organized group;

d) By an authorized official –

Shall be punished with imprisonment from five to eight years.

(Paragraphs 2 and 3 are as amended by Law of 29.08.2001.)

The person, who acted as an intermediate person in bribery, shall be discharged from liability in the instance if he communicated voluntarily about the event of the crime, after having committed criminal actions, repented honestly, and facilitated actively detection of the crime.

Article 213. Corruption of Officer

Corruption of an officer, that is, knowingly illegal provision of remuneration or pecuniary benefit in significant amount to an officer, who is not an official of a state body, enterprise, institution, or organization, disregarding its ownership pattern, or of a public association or self-governmental body, for performance or nonperformance of certain action, which the officer must or could have officially performed, in the interests of the person committing corruption –

Shall be punished with fine up to fifty minimum monthly wages, or correctional labor up to two years, or arrest up to six months.

Knowingly illegal acceptance of remuneration or pecuniary benefit in significant amount by an officer, who is not an official of a state body, enterprise, institution, or organization, disregarding its ownership pattern, or of a public association or self-governmental body, for performance or nonperformance of certain action, which he must or could have officially performed, in the interests of the person committing corruption –

Shall be punished with fine from fifty to one hundred minimum monthly wages, or correctional labor from two to three years, or imprisonment up to three years.

The actions punishable under Paragraphs 1 or 2 of this Article committed:

а) Repeatedly, by a dangerous recidivist or a person who has previously committed crimes punishable under Articles 210-212 of this Code;

b) In large amount;

c) In the interests of an organized group –

Shall be punished with imprisonment from three to five years.

Police Background Check Procedures

Who can apply?

•  the applicant can apply for a crime record certificate
•  authorised representative with a letter of attorney on behalf of the applicant (representative
may be authorised either by the Embassy of Uzbekistan or public notary)

Where?

•  Applicants can apply for the certificate at the Consular Section of the Embassy of Uzbekistan in London (details listed below). Also through the Information Centre of the Ministry of Internal
Affairs (MIA) of the Republic of Uzbekistan or MIA departments in the place of residence.

What must the applicants supply?

Applicants must supply:
•  two photocopies of their passport
•  two completed application forms
•  Both of which are then sent to Uzbekistan for the necessary checks.

What are the costs / turnaround times?

Local applicants
•  The process is free and can be turned around in 7 days (although a 30 day period is the published target)

Overseas applicants

•  The certificate costs £48, with a turnaround time of about three months.
Applications can be downloaded from(inUzbek):
http://uzbekembassy.org/userfiles/istrebovanie/istreb.pdf

Contact details

Embassy of the Republic of Uzbekistan
41 Holland Park W11 3RP
Monday-Friday 09:00-13:00& 14:30-18:30
Tel: 020 7229 7679
Fax: 020 72297029
Email:info@uzbekembassy.org
Website:www.uzbekembassy.org

What does the certificate look like?

•  It is issued in the Russian language.
•  It is printed on A1 paper format and contains information about the criminal record of the
person who requested the certificate.
•  It has a stamp of the Information Centre of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of
Uzbekistan, date of issue and signature of the head of the Centre.

Uzbekistan – Know Your Customer (KYC) Rules

Uzbekistan operates largely on a cash economy and with decentralized accounting systems, which makes money laundering difficult to detect. Furthermore, deficiencies in Uzbekistan‘s recently-enacted AML/CFT law pose significant risks of money laundering and terrorism financing.

Uzbekistan is not an important regional financial center and does not have a well-developed financial system. Corruption, narcotics trafficking and smuggling generate the majority of illicit proceeds. Local and regional drug trafficking and other organized crime organizations control narcotics markets and proceeds from other criminal activities, such as smuggling of cash, high-value transferable assets (e.g., gold), property, or automobiles. Uzbekistan is home to a significant black market for smuggled goods. This black market does not appear to be significantly funded by narcotics proceeds, but can be used to launder drug-related money.

The presence of hawalas, money or value transfer services, and free trade zoness poses risks in regard to money laundering; however, there is little publicly available information on these entities.

KNOW-YOUR-CUSTOMER (KYC) RULES:

Enhanced due diligence procedures for PEPs:

A PEP is an abbreviation for Politically Exposed Person, a term that describes a person who has been entrusted with a prominent public function, or an individual who is closely related to such a person. The terms PEP, Politically Exposed Person and Senior Foreign Political Figure are often used interchangeably

    • Foreign PEP: NO
    • Domestic PEP: NO

Uzbekistan – KYC covered entities

The following is a list of Know Your Customer entities covered by Uzbekistan Law:

    • Banks, credit unions, micro-credit institutions
    • Securities brokers
    • Members of the Stock Exchange
    • Insurance brokers
    • Leasing companies
    • Money transfer companies
    • Postal operators
    • Dealers in precious metals and stones
    • Real estate agents
    • Notaries, lawyers, audit organizations
    • Pawn shops
    • Lotteries

Uzbekistan – Suspicious Transaction Reporting (STR) Requirements:

Number of STRs received and time frame: 17,151 in 2010

Number of CTRs received and time frame: Not available

The following is a list of STR covered entities covered by Uzbekistan Law:

    • Banks, credit unions, micro-credit institutions
    • Securities brokers
    • Members of the Stock Exchange
    • Insurance brokers
    • Leasing companies
    • Postal operators
    • Dealers in precious metals and stones
    • Real estate agents
    • Notaries, lawyers, and audit organizations

MONEY LAUNDERING CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS/CONVICTIONS:

Prosecutions: 61 in 2010
Convictions: 58 in 2010

ENFORCEMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES AND COMMENTS:

Uzbekistan‘s legal system is generally susceptible to corruption and political influence. Legislation to reestablish AML measures has been adopted piecemeal since April 2009, leading to confusion from vague requirements, incomplete procedures and occasional conflicts with banking regulations. Government secrecy surrounding cases and statistics inhibits evaluation. The Prosecutor General‘s Office attempts to maintain secrecy by not releasing the criteria for identifying suspicious transactions, even to banks. Fearing the consequences of not reporting criminal activity, banks adopted excessively cautious policies that led to massive over-reporting in 2010.

Ambiguities in the law make it difficult to determine the division of authority among the Prosecutor General‘s Office and other law enforcement bodies in money laundering cases. In addition to the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU), the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the National Security Service also investigate money laundering and terrorist finance, respectively, and both are making efforts to build financial crime departments.

The ability to freeze assets is limited; financial institutions can hold suspicious transactions for three business days, and the FIU can extend that by two days. After five business days the transaction must be resumed unless the assets can be seized as the result of a criminal case, leaving a very narrow window for investigation. The porous borders also allow for money to exit Uzbekistan into neighboring countries.

In July 2011, Uzbekistan was admitted as a member of the Egmont Group of Financial Intelligence Units. International donors are advising the government on money laundering issues to improve the legal framework and build national enforcement capacity.

Summary

 

Uzbekistan GDP Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
GDP 56.80 51.18 56.80 9.69 USD Billion
GDP Annual Growth Rate 8.10 8.10 9.80 3.60 percent
GDP per capita 899.38 845.81 899.38 398.53 USD
Gross Fixed Capital Formation 6662.90 6662.90 33715.30 346.80 UZS Billion
GDP per capita PPP 5002.50 4704.53 5002.50 2216.68 USD

Risk

Sovereign risk

In 2015 government revenue will be affected by recession in Russia, regional currency turbulence and weaker export prices. However, the risk of sovereign default is low, given Uzbekistan’s budgetary caution, low external debt stock and high reserves. In the event of a payment crisis, the government would be likely to prioritise payments to multilateral lenders.

Banking sector risk

The main role of the banking sector is to channel loans to state enterprises. The sector’s lack of integration into the global financial system will protect it from turmoil on international markets. Official figures show high levels of capitalisation, and fast-growing loans and deposits. The quality of the domestic loan portfolio is dubious, but failing banks would get state support.

Political risk

Uzbekistan will hold a presidential election at the end of March. The incumbent, Islam Karimov, has indicated that he may stand again for president. If he runs, he is certain to win. Whether or not Mr Karimov stays in office, factional rivalries will persist. If Mr Karimov is re-elected, this will merely postpone the succession issue. Economic policy under any new regime would be unlikely to change substantially in the near term.

Economic structure risk

Low levels of integration into the world economy limit the country’s foreign liabilities. However, Uzbekistan is highly dependent on commodity exports, especially for gas. The economy is uncompetitive and state intervention is high.

Travel Risk

Security

The decision to travel is your responsibility. You are also responsible for your personal safety abroad. The Government of Canada takes the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provides credible and timely information in its Travel Advice. In the event of a crisis situation that requires evacuation, the Government of Canada’s policy is to provide safe transportation to the closest safe location. The Government of Canada will assist you in leaving a country or a region as a last resort, when all means of commercial or personal transportation have been exhausted. This service is provided on a cost-recovery basis. Onward travel is at your personal expense. Situations vary from one location to another, and there may be constraints on government resources that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide assistance, particularly in countries or regions where the potential for violent conflict or political instability is high.

Areas bordering Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and the Kyrgyz Republic (see Advisory)

Incidents of violence have occurred in the mountainous border area where the Kyrgyz Republic, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan meet.

Some areas near the Tajikistan border are mined. Contact the Consulate of Canada in Tashkent for more information.

The border between Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan on the road between Tashkent and Samarkand is closed. Contact the Consulate of Canada in Tashkent for up-to-date information prior to travelling to the Tajikistan border.

Terrorism

Heightened tensions throughout the region, together with increased threats globally from terrorism, may put you at risk. Maintain a high level of vigilance at all times. Exercise caution, particularly in tourist areas, in commercial and public establishments (hotels, clubs, restaurants, bars, schools, places of worship) and at outdoor recreation events.

Crime

Violent crime against foreigners has occurred. Street crime has increased, especially after dark in urban centres.

Foreigners have been robbed by individuals posing as police officers. If approached, ask to see police credentials or offer to go to the police station.

Do not travel alone after dark and do not show signs of affluence.

Transportation

Driving standards in Uzbekistan are poor. Many roads outside Tashkent are in poor condition, particularly in the Tian Shan and Fan Mountains. Driving at night is dangerous. Rural roads and highways are not lit.

Use officially marked taxis only and do not share taxis with strangers.

Exercise caution when travelling by train, especially overnight. Store valuables in a safe place and do not leave the compartment unattended. Ensure that the door is secured from the inside.

When travelling by rail or road in Uzbekistan, it is sometimes necessary to cross into neighbouring countries. Consult the Entry/Exit Requirements tab for more information.

See Transportation Safety in order to verify if national airlines meet safety standards.

General safety information

Police frequently stop drivers for minor infractions or simple document checks. Foreigners may face harassment, including demands for money.

Carry identification at all times. Carry a photocopy of your passport and to leave another one with a relative or a friend at home.

Ensure that personal belongings, passports and other travel documents are secure at all times.

Tourist facilities are limited.

Emergency services

Dial 01 for firefighters, 02 for police or 03 for an ambulance.

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