MYANMAR BACKGROUND CHECK

General Information

GDP USD 56,7bn (World ranking 0, World Bank 2011)
Population 52.8 million (World ranking 24, World Bank 2012)
Form of state Parliamentary government
Head of government THEIN SEIN (USDP)
Next elections End 2015, legislative

CURRENT LOCAL TIME

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PRODUCTS IN MYANMAR

Data Protection

Data Protection Laws Not Found

The State Peace and Development Council Law No. 8/2004)

The 5th Waning Day of Thadingyut, 1366 M.E. 2nd November, 2004

(Abstract: The Law contains provided that this section shall not apply to revealing of information or any matter to a client or any other person as in duty bound by investigation officer, attorney, notary public, legal professional, accountant or any other person in discharging his duty in conformity with law.)

Article 118

(a) The Pyithu Hluttaw elects members of the Council of People’s Inspectors from among those members of the Pyithu Hluttaw whose names are on the list submitted collectively by members of the Council of State elected under Clauses (a) and (b) of Article 64.

(b) Members of the Council of People’s Inspectors shall elect a Chairman from among themselves.

Article 119

The Council of People’s Inspectors is the highest organ of inspection of public undertakings.

Article 120

The Council of People’s Inspectors shall be responsible to the Pyithu Hluttaw. It shall submit reports to the Pyithu Hluttaw on the progress of inspection of public undertakings. It shall be responsible to the Council of State when the Pyithu Hluttaw is not in session.

Article 121

(a) The Council of People’s Inspectors shall conduct inspections to determine whether the activities of the Local Organs of State Power, Ministries, Bodies of Public Services and such other organizations as may be prescribed by law prove beneficial to the interests of the public.

(b) The Council of People’s Inspectors shall report on its findings and measures taken by it, to the Pyithu Hluttaw through the Council of State.

Article 122

The term of office of the Council of People’s Inspectors is the same as that of the Pyithu Hluttaw. On expiry of the term of the Pyithu Hluttaw, the Council of People’s Inspectors shall continue to perform its duties and functions till a new Council of People s Inspectors has been elected.

Article 123

(a) The State, Divisional and Township People’s Councils shall form State, Divisional and Township Inspectorates with members of State, Divisional and Township People’s Councils concerned.

(b) Members of each Local Inspectorate shall elect a Chairman from among themselves.

(c) The Pyithu Hluttaw shall by law prescribe the duties and powers of Local Inspectorates.

Article 124

Each Local Inspectorate shall be responsible to the People’s Council concerned.

Article 125

The Local Inspectorates shall perform the following duties-

(a) Reporting to the People’s Council concerned on the activities carried out during the interval between the meetings of the People’s Council;

(b) Implementing tasks and submitting reports under the guidance of the People’s Council concerned and of the organs at higher level.

Article 126

The term of office of the Local Inspectorates is the same as that of the People’s Councils at different levels. On expiry of the People’s Council, the Local Inspectorate shall continue to perform, its duties and functions until a new Local Inspectorate has been elected.

Article 127

The Council of People’s Inspectors may, with the approval of the Council of State, form as necessary, Bodies of Accounts Services at different levels and shall also appoint the required accounts officers in accordance with law.

Article 128

The Central Accounts Office shall be responsible to the Council of People’s Inspectors and accounts offices at different levels shall be responsible to the Inspectorates concerned and to the accounts offices at the higher level and shall submit to their supervision and inspection.

Risk

Sovereign risk

Sovereign risk in Myanmar will moderate gradually, assuming that economic and political reforms continue as planned. The external debt outlook is improving as a result of debt forgiveness, accelerating GDP growth and the resumption of concessional lending and aid.

Banking sector risk

The banking sector risk rating will improve gradually as reforms urged by the IMF continue. The impending entry of foreign banksthree will commence operations in late April and six are set to follow in due courseand the planned liberalisation by the Central Bank of Myanmar of lending rates will promote the sector’s modern‘isation, but will also stretch the authorities’ limited super‘visory capabilities.

Political risk

Political tension will rise in the run‘up to the election that will be held in either October or November 2015. The constitutional reforms that the opposition has long demanded are unlikely to take place before the polls. The government and a host of armed ethnic groups have agreed a draft text for a nationwide cease‘fire agreement, but lasting peace in the country’s ethnic border regions remains a distant prospect, as key points of contention have yet to be addressed.

Economic structure risk

Despite accelerating GDP growth, macroeconomic fundamentals will remain weak. Myanmar’s persistent fiscal shortfall, limited monetary policymaking capacity and the widening deficit on the current account will continue to pose significant structural risks in 2015-16.

Travel Risk

Security

The decision to travel is your responsibility. You are also responsible for your personal safety abroad. The Government of Canada takes the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provides credible and timely information in its Travel Advice. In the event of a crisis situation that requires evacuation, the Government of Canada’s policy is to provide safe transportation to the closest safe location. The Government of Canada will assist you in leaving a country or a region as a last resort, when all means of commercial or personal transportation have been exhausted. This service is provided on a cost-recovery basis. Onward travel is at your personal expense. Situations vary from one location to another, and there may be constraints on government resources that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide assistance, particularly in countries or regions where the potential for violent conflict or political instability is high.

Political situation

The political situation is volatile and there is always a possibility of civil unrest. You may find your security unexpectedly at risk. Acts of politically motivated violence may occur at any time, including in areas frequented by tourists and expatriates such as shopping centres, supermarkets, restaurants, markets, hotels, transportation hubs, and public transit (even taxis). Exercise a high degree of caution, avoid concentrations of police and security forces, avoid gatherings and remain informed of current issues.

Inter-communal violence

Inter-communal violence occurs. More than 200 people have been killed in religious violence since June 2012, and more than 140,000 have been displaced (mostly in Rakhine State). Attacks against religious buildings, shops, and homes have taken place in several areas, including the regions of Bago and Mandalay, resulting in injuries, deaths and displaced persons. Tensions remain high, and further violence is possible. Curfews and restrictions may be imposed or changed on short notice.

Incidents of violence, which resulted in injuries and damage to property, occurred in Mandalay in early July 2014. In late March 2014, violent protests targeting the staff and offices of international organizations took place in Sittwe, Rakhine State.

Crime

Bomb explosions have occurred throughout the country, including in major cities such as Yangon (Rangoon), Mandalay, and Nay Pyi Taw. Further attacks could occur at any time.

There have been incidents of violent crime against foreigners. There is also a risk of street crime, such as pickpocketing and mugging. Ensure that your personal belongings, passports and other travel documents are secure at all times.

Transportation

Travel is restricted outside major cities to designated tourist areas only. Permission from local authorities is required to visit certain areas. Military checkpoints on roads are common.

The general condition of automobiles does not meet minimal international standards. There is a combination of both left-hand and right-hand drive vehicles in use throughout the country. Driving can be hazardous, especially after dark. Some roads can become impassable, particularly during the rainy season. Drivers have little regard for traffic regulations and do not follow safe-driving practices. It is common for pedestrians and livestock to walk on roads. A driver involved in any accident with a pedestrian is always at fault and is liable to be detained.

Public transportation within Burma, including air, rail and sea travel, often does not meet international safety standards. Railway equipment tends to be outdated, and fatal accidents have occurred. Boat and ferry accidents causing deaths are common. Vessels may be in poor condition and overloading is a common problem.

Local flight schedules can change without notice.

See Transportation Safety in order to verify if national airlines meet safety standards.

General safety information

Tourist facilities are adequate in Bagan, Inle Lake, Mandalay, Ngapali Beach, Yangon and Taunggyi, but limited elsewhere. Good hotel facilities exist in Naypyidaw, but transportation is limited. Foreign tourists rarely visit Naypyidaw and may be viewed with suspicion. Foreigners can expect to pay several times more than locals for accommodations, domestic flights and entry to tourist sites throughout the country.

Telephone services are unreliable in Yangon and are difficult to find in other areas. Long-distance calls can be extremely expensive. There are Internet cafés in Yangon; identification is required, access to certain websites is restricted and records of which websites users have visited are kept. While some websites were unblocked in 2011, many remain inaccessible. Electronic communications, including email, may be monitored by local authorities.

The presence of police and security forces is likely to increase in Yangon and elsewhere in Burma on significant dates, including the anniversary of demonstrations led by monks to protest for political reform (September 26) and the anniversary of the 1988 uprising (August 8).

Landmines are a danger, particularly in border areas.

Swimming

Exercise caution at beach resorts in Ngwesaung, Chaungtha and Ngapali as there are strong underwater currents and riptides. There are no lifeguards and drownings have occurred.

Scuba diving

Exercise caution when considering diving excursions in Burma. Rented diving equipment may not meet internationally acceptable safety standards and may not be maintained adequately.

Trekking

Tourists trekking in remote parts of the country have experienced difficulties with military authorities, even after obtaining prior permission.

Address Format

RECIPIENT

[BUILDING]
[SUBBUILDING]
[HOUSE_NUMBER] STREET_NAME
LOCALITY, POSTALCODE
MYANMAR

Sample

HOTEL CLASSIQUE INN
NO. 53 B SHWE TAUNG KYAR ST.
YANGON, 11181
MYANMAR

Summary

Myanmar GDP Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
GDP 53.14 51.44 53.14 6.46 USD Billion
GDP Annual Growth Rate 6.50 6.70 13.84 3.60 percent
GDP per capita 824.19 741.67 824.19 129.19 USD
GDP per capita PPP 1324.61 1254.53 1324.61 365.08 USD
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