LIBERIA BACKGROUND CHECK

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(Publication Date: January1 1969 )

§44.2. Tenure.

A member of the Board of Parole shall hold office for six years, and until his successor is appointed; except that, of the members first appointed to the Board, the Chairman shall be appointed to serve for a term of six years, one of the other members shall be appointed to serve for a term of four years, and the third member shall be appointed to serve for a term of two years. A member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring other than by expiration of a term shall be appointed for the remainder of the unexpired term of the member whom he succeeds. Members may be appointed for additional six-year terms. They may be removed by the President solely for corruption or disability, and after an opportunity to be heard.

(Approved: September 8 2005)

2. Except as otherwise stated under this Act, the following words shall have the meaning ascribed to them in this section:

(9) “Corrupt Practice” means the offering, giving, receiving or soliciting, directly or indirectly, of anything of value to influence the action of a public officer in the selection process or in contract execution.

5. In furtherance of its objects the Commission shall perform the following functions:

(e) Review procurement and concessions documents and/or inspect records as and when necessary to prevent corruption of the process or any intended process;

36. (2) A Procuring Entity may –

(b) Cancel the procurement proceedings where –

(v) There is evidence of corruption, fraud, coercion or collusion among bidders;

43. (6) Records and documents maintained by procuring entities on procurement shall be made available for inspection by the Commission, Anti-Corruption Commission and Auditor-General upon request; and where donor funds have been utilized for the procurement, donor officials shall also have access, upon request, to procurement files for the purpose of audit and review.

44. (2) A potential bidder shall only be debarred from participation in procurement on the following grounds: –

(d) Misconduct relating to the submission of bids, including corruption, collusion, price fixing, a pattern of underpricing of bids, breach of confidentiality, and any other misconduct implied under this Act or under any part of this Act;

58. (3) The bidding documents shall inform bidders of –

(n) Notice of conflict-of-interest restrictions and anti-fraud and corruption rules;

68. (4) The request for proposals shall provide short listed bidders with the information necessary to enable them to participate in the procurement proceedings and to submit proposals that are responsive to the needs of the Procuring Entity including, in particular:

(g) Notice of conflict-of-interest restrictions and antifraud and corruption rules, including the grounds for potential debarment from future participation in procurement of goods, services or works that may result from the assignment under consideration;

114. The criteria for the selection of responsive bidders shall not at any stage, include any of the following:

(f) A condition that will promote the corruption of the entire or part of the concession procurement process.

131. (1) Any public officer involved in requisitioning, planning, preparing and conducting procurement proceedings and administering the implementation of contracts, shall –

(d) Not commit or abet corrupt or fraudulent practices, coercion or collusion, including the solicitation or acceptance of any inducements.

132. (2) A bidder or a supplier shall not engage in or abet corrupt or fraudulent practices, including the offering or giving, directly or indirectly, of any inducement, the misrepresentation of facts in order to influence a procurement process or the execution of a contract, or interference in the ability of competing bidders to participate in procurement proceedings.

(3) Bidders shall not engage in any activity, prior to or after bid submission, designed to deprive the Procuring Entity of the benefits of free and open competition, including, but not restricted to, collusion over bidding for opportunities and price fixing, and coercive, corrupt or fraudulent practices.

(4) Bidders and suppliers who engage in fraudulent, corrupt or coercive practices in connection with public procurement are subject to prosecution pursuant to this Act and other relevant legislation for the time being in force.

(Adopted on: January 6 1986)

Article 5

The Republic shall:

a) aim at strengthening the national integration and unity of the people of Liberia, regardless of ethnic, regional or other differences, into one body politic; and the Legislature shall enact laws promoting national unification and the encouragement of all citizens to participate in government;

b) preserve, protect and promote positive Liberian culture, ensuring that traditional values which are compatible with public policy and national progress are adopted and developed as an integral part of the growing needs of the Liberian society;

c) take steps, by appropriate legislation and executive orders, to eliminate sectionalism and tribalism, and such abuses of power as the misuse of government resources, nepotism and all other corrupt practices.

Article 62

The President and the Vice-President may be removed from office by impeachment for treason, bribery and other felonies, violation of the Constitution or gross misconduct.

Article 71

The Chief Justice and Associates Justices of the Supreme Court and the judges of subordinate courts of record shall hold office during good behavior. They may be removed upon impeachment and conviction by the Legislature based on proved misconduct, gross breach of duty, inability to perform the functions of their office, or conviction in a court of law for treason, bribery or other infamous crimes.

Travel Risk

Security

The decision to travel is your responsibility. You are also responsible for your personal safety abroad. The Government of Canada takes the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provides credible and timely information in its Travel Advice. In the event of a crisis situation that requires evacuation, the Government of Canada’s policy is to provide safe transportation to the closest safe location. The Government of Canada will assist you in leaving a country or a region as a last resort, when all means of commercial or personal transportation have been exhausted. This service is provided on a cost-recovery basis. Onward travel is at your personal expense. Situations vary from one location to another, and there may be constraints on government resources that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide assistance, particularly in countries or regions where the potential for violent conflict or political instability is high.

Liberia’s civil war ended in 2003. The United Nations mission (UNMIL) that was deployed to Liberia to facilitate the peaceful transition is still there. This presence helps to establish a climate that fosters stability. Police forces are going through a restructuring process and have limited presence on the ground. The national police can be overextended, particularly when demonstrations and other crowd movements occur.

Area bordering Côte d’ivoire

This border area has been highly unstable in the past, and the presence of armed militias and the lack of proper security force patrols increase the risk to travelers.

Ebola

Quarantine measures are strictly enforced. Screening measures are in place at entry points in an attempt to contain the Ebola outbreak. Some airlines have suspended flights to and from Liberia. Confirm the status of your flight with the airline before heading to the airport.

Crime

Liberia is one of the poorest countries in the world. A high degree of poverty increases the likeliness of criminality, and crime levels in Liberia are high, including in the capital. Muggings, armed assaults and theft are prevalent. Avoid walking alone and displaying any signs of affluence in public, and do not leave valuables or bags unattended. Residential armed break-ins are also common. Crime significantly increases at night due to the lack of electricity in some parts of the capital.

Violent crimes, including aggravated sexual assault and murder, routinely occur and have involved foreigners. Police forces can rarely offer protection and do not have the capacity to investigate and prosecute.

Demonstrations

Large demonstrations, often politically motivated, have happened in the past and there could be more. The tension that accompanied the presidential and legislative elections in October and November 2011 has subsided and has given way to a more stable environment. However, violence could still occur during public demonstrations. Avoid all demonstrations and large gatherings, follow the advice of local authorities and monitor local media.

Local authorities

The UNMIL force provides national authorities with support and guarantees of limited security on major roads as well as around Monrovia and the main population centres. However, security problems persist throughout the country, including in Monrovia and many outlying regions.

Fraud

Cases of attempted fraud are frequently reported in this country. See our Overseas Fraud page for more information on scams abroad.

Transportation

Roberts International Airport (RIA) is located 56 kilometres outside Monrovia. Daytime air service is very limited. With the supervision of UNMIL, the airport is accessible, but expect frequently crowded and disorganized conditions. Since public transportation to Monrovia is not reliable, arrange to be met upon arrival at the airport and dropped off on departure by reliable contacts. If transportation is not arranged, you are advised to hire cars and drivers from reputable security providers with respect to journey management.

During the day, travellers may circulate safely on the country’s roads, as well as in the capital, Monrovia, however, renting a car and driving yourself is not recommended. Overland travel can be hazardous and should only be undertaken in a four-wheel-drive vehicle. Roads are generally in poor condition and rarely paved outside Monrovia. Moreover, their condition deteriorates significantly during the rainy season.

Travel after dark is particularly dangerous and is not recommended. There are no operating traffic lights and all roads are unlit; exercise caution when approaching intersections. Overloaded vehicles frequently stop without signalling, pedestrians routinely dodge traffic and roaming animals pose a hazard.

Drivers may be required to pull off the road with headlights turned off when high-speed car convoys carrying government officials announce their presence. It is advisable to wait a few minutes after the convoy passes before resuming your journey.

The number of UNMIL security checkpoints has significantly decreased and they are much less obstrusive than in the past. However, they can still cause significant delays.

See Transportation Safety in order to verify if national airlines meet safety standards.

General safety information

Secure tourist facilities and accommodations are very limited in Monrovia and there is little to no infrastructure outside the capital. Travel outside Monrovia and in rural areas is generally inadvisable. There is no landline telephone system in the country. Mobile telecommunications exist in Monrovia and other major towns, however many remote areas and stretches of road between major towns have no coverage. North American cell phones do not always work in Liberia.

Water is not commercially available in Monrovia and there is no functioning sewage system. However, bottled water is available from many businesses.

Fuel shortages are common and transportation services are severely limited or inadequate in rural areas.

When visiting the beach, swimmers should be aware of dangerous currents.

You should carry valid official photo identification with you at all times, preferably a certified copy of your passport’s identification page. Ensure that you always maintain sufficient supplies of food, water and other essentials.

Address Format

RECIPIENT

[BUILDING]
[SUBBUILDING]
STREET_NAME [HOUSE_NUMBER]
POSTALCODE LOCALITY
LIBERIA

Sample

Sam Smith
Benson Street 7
1000 Monrovia 10
LIBERIA

Summary

Liberia GDP Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
GDP 1.95 1.73 1.95 0.13 USD Billion
GDP Annual Growth Rate 5.90 8.70 106.28 -51.03 percent
GDP per capita 299.45 275.68 727.76 50.04 USD
GDP per capita PPP 849.83 782.39 849.83 142.02 USD
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